Subaru Forester Air Conditioning System 1999 2000 (12) PDF

8. Leak Testing
A: INSPECTION
The following points should be kept in mind when
conducting a refrigerant leak test.
1) The A/C system to be tested must have an
adequate refrigerant charge to begin with.
2) The area where the leak test is conducted must
be free of wind and drafts, with still air being the
ideal condition.
3) The atmosphere where the leak test is con-
ducted must be free of refrigerant contamination.
4) Operate theA/C system for approx. 10 minutes,
then turn the engine off and begin the leak test.
5) Refrigerant gas is heavier than air, therefore
always hold the probe below the connection being
tested.
6) When checking for a leak along a length of
hose or tube, the leak detector probe must be
moved slowly, approx. 25 mm (1 in) per second
making sure probe does not come in contact with
the component being tested.
7) When checking for a leak at a certain point, the
leak detector probe must be held at that point for
at least 5 seconds.
1. CHECK THE SYSTEM PRESSURE
With gauges connected to theA/C system, operate
the A/C and confirm that the high side pressure is
above 690 kPa (7.03 kg/cm
2
, 100 psi). If not,
evacuate and charge the system before leak
checking. <Ref. to 4-7 [W700].>
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2. CLEAN CONNECTIONS BEFORE
TESTING
Before testing, use a clean shop towel to wipe off
refrigerant oil, dirt, or foreign material from all of the
connections and components to be tested.
NOTE:
Since refrigerant oil absorbs refrigerant, excess oil
on or near a connection may falsely signal a leak.
3. CALIBRATE LEAK DETECTOR
Refer to the manufacturer?s instructions for the par-
ticular type of detector used and calibrate the
instrument.
CAUTION:
Always make sure that the probe tip filter is
clean and free of contamination.
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4. LEAK TEST ? HIGH-PRESSURE SIDE
Operate the A/C system for approx. 10 minutes,
then turn the engine off and begin the leak test.
1) Begin at the connection of the high-pressure
tube to the evaporator, and work your way along
the high-pressure side of the system to the com-
pressor. There are three places to check each tube
connection.
2) Check the area:
Check the area where the fitting meets the tube.
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4-7 [W8A0] SERVICE PROCEDURE
8. Leak Testing